3/29 Tuesday Sessions
Boundary spaces in environmental politics: Contested geographies of knowledge and power
Tuesday, 3/29/2016, from 8:00 AM - 9:40 AM in Powell Room A, Hilton Hotel, 6th Floor
8:00 AM Author(s): *Marc Tadaki, MSc - University of British Columbia
8:20 AM Author(s): *Eimear Heaslip - National University of Ireland, Galway & Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology
8:40 AM Author(s): *James Palmer - University of Oxford
9:00 AM Author(s): *Nick Lewis - University Of Auckland
Richard Le Heron - University of Auckland
9:20 AM Discussant: Tim Forsyth - London School Of Economics
Tim Forsyth - London School Of Economics
Session Description: Climate change, biodiversity loss, ocean acidification and other major environmental challenges are often viewed as global problems requiring global solutions (Hulme, 2009; Miller, 2004). Within the sustainability sciences, some factions even contend that we have entered a new geological epoch, the Anthropocene, which demands new modes of environmental governance centred on the policing of boundaries and tipping points at a planetary scale (Rockström et al., 2009; Steffen et al., 2015). Within this outlook, scientific knowledge of environmental degradation is typically viewed as universally applicable, and as the primary basis upon which to formulate objective, rational policy decisions.
Scholarship in science and technology studies and critical political ecology has a long history of debunking the idea of universally applicable, placeless knowledge (Shapin, 1998; Forsyth, 2003). Moreover, the ways in which environmental knowledges come into contact with policy making and political processes have been shown, through a number of in-depth case studies, to be complex and varied (Jasanoff, 1990; Owens, 2015). A particularly seminal insight has been that the qualities of 'good science' itself are contingent and negotiable; actors in contentious environmental policy debates routinely engage, rhetorically and discursively, in 'boundary work' (Gieryn, 1983), in order to influence how authority accrues to different kinds of knowledge claims.
Most recently, geographers have begun to investigate how the interactions of knowledge and power are themselves influenced by the material geographic settings in which actors struggle over questions of epistemic and political authority (Kuus, 2014; Mahony, 2013; Palmer, 2014). Drawing inspiration from recent work on the geographies of science, a central claim of this work is that we should study not simply boundary work, but 'boundary spaces', if we hope to deepen our understandings of the full complexity of knowledge¬'s interactions with political power at the 'science-policy interface'. As recent interventions have argued (Lave et al., 2014; Tadaki et al., 2012), geography is ideally placed to develop a critical, reflexive dialogue about the production and application of environmental knowledge - including physical geographical knowledge - in contentious policy debates.
Accordingly, this paper session invites contributions that explore the local, place-specific ways in which environmental knowledges are produced, assembled, allocated authority, and ultimately brought into contact with relevant policy processes.
Theorizing Energy Transition in the Global South
Tuesday, 3/29/2016, from 10:00 AM - 11:40 AM in Beijing, Marker Hotel, 2nd Floor
10:00 AM Author(s): *Zora Kovacic, PhD - Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
Suzanne Smit - School of Public Leadership and Centre for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies, Stellenbosch University
Josephine Kaviti Musango, PhD - School of Public Leadership and Centre for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies, Stellenbosch University
Alan Colin Brent, PhD - Department of Industrial Engineering and Centre for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies, Stellenbosch University
Mario Giampietro, PhD - Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats
10:20 AM Author(s): *Carla A. Coronado, PhD Candidate in Planning and Public Poliicy - E.J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University
Clinton J. Andrews, Professor of Urban Planning and Policy Development - E.J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University
Abstract Title: The Chilean Energy Transition
10:40 AM Author(s): *Laurence Delina - Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future at Boston University
11:00 AM Author(s): *Cheryl McEwan - University Of Durham
11:20 AM Author(s): *Conor Harrison - University of North Carolina
Abstract Title: Engaging critical geographies of energy in the Caribbean
Session Description: Energy regimes in the Global South have been variably shaped by complex histories of colonization, nationalism, development, and market-based liberalization. In most instances, the resulting systems have been built around carbon-based fossil fuels and are largely dependent upon external actors for materials, technologies, capital and expertise. Spurred in part by the wider discussions around (and funding for) global climate change, many countries are now making a concert effort to reduce oil dependency and increase energy security through fuel diversification and an increase in renewable forms of energy. The emerging contours of this energy transition include new energy landscapes and socio-technical systems built upon new forms of geo-material agency (geothermal, wind, solar, hydro), more distributed forms of energy production, and new practices and technologies of energy consumption. These energy transformations will entail not only novel sociomaterial relations and infrastructures, but also the reorganization of governmental powers and practices, as well as new forms of energy citizenship and subjectivity. This session explores the diverse empirical contours and theoretical implications of energy transitions in the Global South.
GIS and spatial analysis in energy related research
Tuesday, 3/29/2016, from 12:40 PM - 2:20 PM in Beijing, Marker Hotel, 2nd Floor
12:40 PM Author(s): *Bronwyn Lazowski - University of Waterloo
Paul Parker, Ph.D. - University of Waterloo
1:00 PM Author(s): *Age Poom - University of Tartu, Estonia
1:20 PM Author(s): *Erik H Schmidt - Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Budhendra Bhaduri, PhD - Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Nicholas Nagle, PhD - University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Bruce Ralston, PhD - University of Tennessee, Knoxville
1:40 PM Author(s): *Jochen Wendel - European Institute for Energy Research
Alexandru Nichersu - European Institute for Energy Reserach
Syed Monjur Murshed - European Institute for Energy Reserach
Alexander Simons - European Institute for Energy Reserach
Muhammad Saed - European Institute for Energy Reserach
Manfred Wieland - European Institute for Energy Reserach
Abstract Title: GIS energy analysis in smart city approaches
Session Description: Research in the energy domain is of high complex multidisciplinary nature and usually involves multiple domains. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can herby play an importation role in the analysis of energy related topics as well as help in communicating among stakeholders in decision making processes.
In the spatial context, research on energy is usually conducted at different scales and can range from single building entities to geographic regions. Data and energy models are thereby spatially aggregated or disaggregated to geographic units or boundaries and interact with other geographic research domains. Within this scope, different energy related application, e.g., energy demand, resource potentials, energy planning, smart cities applications, etc. have been developed that bridge interactions to other fields of geographic research.
This session seeks presentations focusing on methodological approaches that makes use of GIS, Spatial Data Analysis, Cartography, Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), Modelling and related methods in the energy context. Possible topics for presentation may include but are not limited to:
• 3D visualization in energy related topics
• GIS in the energy planning and policies
• Smart and sustainable city approaches
• Humans as sensors, using sensor and VGI in energy related research
• Multi-scale modelling in the field of energy
• Spatial statistics in energy analysis
• Spatial-temporal visualization and analysis in energy
• Spatial data models and data infrastructures for energy analysis
• Renewable energy potential analysis and mapping (e.g. desktop and web mapping)
• Analysis of interactions between energy, environment and climate
• Dynamic simulation of energy systems
How much is enough? Facing up to the scale of the decarbonization challenge in urban mobility
Tuesday, 3/29/2016, from 2:40 PM - 4:20 PM in Union Square 21, Hilton Hotel, 4th Floor
2:40 PM Author(s): *Ian Philips, P.h.D - University of Leeds
Ian Philips, P.h.D - University of Leeds
3:00 PM Author(s): *Tim Schwanen - University of Oxford
3:20 PM Author(s): *Marianne Knapskog - Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Abstract Title: Accessibilty in Norwegian Urban Planning
3:40 PM Author(s): *Stewart Barr - University of Exeter
Session Description: There has been an upsurge of interest in environmental issues in general, and climate change mitigation in particular, across the social sciences since the turn of the 21st Century. However, the majority of work related to urban mobility has neglected to comment on and explore the implications of the drastic scale of the cuts demanded by the latest climate science for urban mobility practices, technologies and infrastructures (McGlade & Ekins 2014). The emerging evidence renders the majority of proven fossil fuel reserves as 'unburnable', making a transition away from fossil fuels during the 21st century a priority for the future of civilisation. This session invites abstracts that: a) engage with the stark predictions of the latest climate science through radical forms of re-thinking urban mobilit! y practic es, technologies and infrastructures; b) examine how dominant political discourses that encourage incrementalist approaches to tackling climate change can be challenged through theoretical, empirical and practice-based research; and c) provide positive visions of the future that promote human and ecological wellbeing, through examining how the urban can be re-configured for low carbon living. In particular, we invite papers from researchers who are working on a range of projects that seek to radically reduce individual and collective reliance on carbon-based mobilities, which could be through the following lenses, at a range of scales, from the individual to the city:
· Exploring forms of New Urbanism and a range of localized responses to climate change that reduce the need for personal; mobility;
· Local economic initiatives for reducing the mobility of goods and services;
· The use of Smart technologies for individual and collective mobility;
· Initiatives to reduce personal mobility and modal shift through behavioural change and wider changes tosocial practices;
· Attempts to radically re-vision cities for the future.
Contributions from all branches of geography are welcome, including:
• Urban Geography
• Transport Geography
• Practice theory
• GIS and modelling work
• Economic and Political Geography
This special session will include a presentation by Steve Melia, author of Urban Mobility Without the Hot Air, on the implications of climate science for Transport Geography and Urban Planning. This session encourages geographies that are both outward-looking, focussing on how to best tackle the 'elephant in the room' of climate change and self-reflective, focussing on how academic geography can rise to the climate challenge.
Asia Symposium: Research on Energy & Environment
Tuesday, 3/29/2016, from 2:40 PM - 4:20 PM in VanNess Room, Hilton Hotel, 6th Floor
2:40 PM Author(s): *Sunyurp Park - Pusan National University (Geography)
3:00 PM Author(s): *Mirza Sadaqat Huda - University of Queensland
3:20 PM Author(s): *Yi-Chen Wang - National University of Singapore
Roy Yuen - National University of Singapore
3:40 PM Author(s): *Abhishek Kumar - University of Georgia
Abhishek Kumar - Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia-30602, USA
Deepak R. Mishra - Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia-30602, USA
Sk. Md. Equeenuddin - Department of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela-769008, Odisha, India
Abstract Title: Differential Impact of Anniversary Cyclones on a Coastal Lagoon
Session Description: This session is part of the one-day Asia Symposium. The papers in this session reflect current research on and about energy and the environment in Asia.
Japan After 3/11: Global Perspectives on the Earthquake, Tsunami, and Fukushima Meltdown
Tuesday, 3/29/2016, from 4:40 PM - 6:20 PM in Union Square 6, Hilton Hotel, 4th Floor
4:40 PM Introduction: Pradyumna P. Karan - University Of Kentucky
4:50 PM Author(s): *Kenji Yamazaki - Iwate University
Abstract Title: Disaster and Shrine
5:10 PM Author(s): *Pradyumna P. Karan - University Of Kentucky
Abstract Title: The Two Tsunamis: Tamil Nadu (2004) to Tohoku (2011)
5:30 PM Author(s): *Unryu Suganuma - J. F. Oberlin Univesity
5:50 PM Discussant: Pradyumna P. Karan - University Of Kentucky
Pradyumna P. Karan - University Of Kentucky
Session Description: On March 11, 2011 a massive tsunami triggered by an underwater earthquake pummeled the Pacific coast of Tohoku. The aftermath was overwhelming: ships could be spotted miles inland; cars floated in the ocean; more than 16,500 missing or dead; relief organizations struggled to reach affected areas to provide aid for survivors and those evacuated from areas contaminated by radiation. Some of the tsunami debris even washed ashore on the Pacific coast of North America in spring 2012.
Shortly after the disaster, researchers from Japan and abroad traveled to the Tohoku's most devastated areas, observing and documenting the tsunami's impact. This international symposium sponsored by the Institute of International Studies at J. F. Oberlin University offers the first field-based analysis of tsunami's environmental, economic and social impacts, and response and recovery efforts. Employing an interdisciplinary approach the Institute has assembled an international team of top geographers, economists, political scientists, and social as well as natural scientists to study the environmental, economic and political effects of the 2011 Japan tsunami.
Papers presented at the symposium offer a clear and definitive analysis of one of the world's deadliest natural disasters on record, and the resulting book manuscript under preparation will be of interest to environmentalists and political scientists alike, as well as to planners and administrators of disaster-preparedness programs.
Rail Landscapes II: High-Speed Rail - Development, Integration and Crisis
Tuesday, 3/29/2016, from 4:40 PM - 6:20 PM in Golden Gate Room, Hotel Nikko, 25th Floor
4:40 PM Author(s): *Hyojin Kim - University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Selima Sultana - University of North Carolina at Greensboro
5:00 PM Author(s): *Yun Zhao - Oklahoma State University
Hongbo Yu - Oklahoma State University
5:20 PM Author(s): *Haoran Yang - Utrecht University
5:40 PM Author(s): *Andrew Ryder, D.Phil (Oxon) - The University of Portsmouth, UK
6:00 PM Author(s): *Hildebrand Julia, M.A. - Drexel University
Mimi Sheller, Ph.D. - Drexel University
Session Description: High Speed Rail (HSR) has received an increasing amount of media and political attention over the past decade. HSR is touted as a catalyst for economic activity and a path to sustainable mobility in an increasingly complex and crowded world. HSR has also been derided as a class-based enterprise that can exacerbate harmful social divisions and divert capital from projects that could benefit a broader spectrum of society. China and the EU have created vast HSR networks capable of efficiently moving large numbers of people in comfort and safety. Meanwhile, the United States has failed to build even one true HSR line as it struggles with political, economic and geographic barriers that have stymied almost half a century of efforts. This session will feature a variety of papers on existing and proposed HSR systems around the world and the geographic ramifications of those systems at different scales.
Working Panel on Teaching Geography of Energy Courses
Tuesday, 3/29/2016, from 4:40 PM - 6:20 PM in Union Square 1, Hilton Hotel, 4th Floor
Martin (Mike) J. Pasqualetti - Arizona State University
Jeffrey S. Jenkins - University of California, Santa Cruz
Autumn Thoyre - Colgate University
Marilyn A. Brown - Georgia Institute of Technology
Session Description: The importance of integrated approaches to energy resources and sustainability in the university curriculum continues to grow. Geographers are increasingly heeding the call with course offerings focused explicitly on geographies of energy. This panel session will focus on constructive collaboration among all participants (audience and panel alike) focused on enhancing our collective pedagogical and instructional capacity on this topic. To this end, panelists will report on an effort to synthesize the range of existing Geography of Energy syllabi, will share and critique their own syllabi, and will contribute and discuss learning modules such as lesson plans, assignments and field trip itineraries. Audience participation is welcome and encouraged: all participants will leave with actionable resources for building or enhancing Geography of Energy syllabi, perhaps leading to an "ideal" syllabus for a course in the Geography of Energy.